Thyroid cancer treatment in bangalore | There are multiple ways to treat thyroid cancer. The treatment you get will depend on the type and stage of the cancer. It also depends on the age and general health of the patient. The doctor may recommend surgery, radioactive iodine and/or radiotherapy. In most cases, especially during the early stage of the cancer, treatment is effective with a favourable outcome Surgery: If thyroid cancer is detected at an early stage, then the doctors recommend one of the following surgical procedures: Thyroidectomy: The surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. During this operation, the surgeon may also remove the lymph nodes in the neck and the some of the tissue around the thyroid gland. Lobectomy (hemithyroidectomy): The surgical removal of a lobe (one of the wings of the thyroid gland). Tracheostomy: Making an incision in the front of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe), allowing the patient to breathe. After surgery the patient may experience pain when swallowing and will be on a special diet of soft foods. Thyroid Hormone Therapy: If the thyroid gland is completely or partially removed, the patient will need to take replacement hormone tablets for the rest of his/her life. The patient will need regular blood tests to make sure hormone levels are right. Radioactive Iodine Ablation: The thyroid gland and most thyroid cancers absorb iodine. Radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation is used to destroy any thyroid tissue that’s left after a thyroidectomy. The iodine goes to the thyroid tissue and the radiation destroys it. It may also be used for cancer that spreads to nearby lymph nodes, spreads to other parts of the body, or returns. The level of radiation in this treatment is far higher than what is used in a radioiodine scan. The patient usually has a special diet that is low in iodine for 1 or 2 weeks before you get the treatment. If the patient is on thyroid hormone pills, they are usually stopped during this treatment. External Radiation Therapy: Radiotherapy is usually only used for medullary or anaplastic thyroid cancers. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy, typically, refers to the destruction of cancer cells. It is usually only used to treat anaplastic thyroid cancer that has metastasized. However, chemotherapy may also include the use of antibiotics or other medications to treat any illness or infection.
Brain Tumour treatment in bangalore | A Brain Tumour is defined as an abnormal growth of brain cells (neural or connective cells) which can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). The suspicion of a brain tumour may arise from headaches, abnormal behaviour or a variety of other symptoms. The symptoms require an investigation with a series of tests. Treatment Brain tumours are typically treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Sometime a combination of all three options is exercised as part of the standard procedure. Surgery is the primary treatment for brain tumours that can be removed without causing severe damage. Many benign tumours are treated only by surgery but most malignant tumours require treatment along with surgery, such as radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. The goals of surgical treatment for brain tumours are multiple and may include one or more of the following: Remove all or as much of the tumour as possible Reduce symptoms and improve quality of life by relieving intracranial pressure caused by the tumour Provide access for implantation of internal chemotherapy or radiation A stereotactic or navigation guided biopsy is used to access the tumour in deep seated areas where surgery is hazardous. This technique utilises a computer and a three-dimensional scan to direct the placement of the needle. Radiation Therapy (RT) may be used alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy while treating primary or metastatic brain tumours. External Beam RT is the conventional technique for administering radiation therapy for brain tumours. Another treatment method includes using the CyberKnife System which involves a frameless robotic radiosurgery system for treating benign tumours, malignant tumours and other medical conditions. The Cyber Knife system is a method of delivering radiotherapy with the intention of targeting treatment more accurately than standard radiotherapy. This system improves on other radiosurgery techniques by eliminating the need for stereotactic frames. As a result, this methodology enables doctors to achieve a high level of accuracy in a non-invasive manner and allows patients to be treated on an outpatient basis. The Cyber Knife system can pinpoint a tumours’ exact location in real time using X-ray images to capture the unique bony structures of a patient's head. It has a strong record of proven clinical effectiveness. It is used either on a stand-alone basis or in combination with chemotherapy, surgery or whole brain radiation therapy. Treating brain tumours with chemotherapy is more complicated than treating tumours elsewhere in the body because of a natural defence system called the blood-brain barrier that protects the brain from foreign substances. Furthermore, not all brain tumours are sensitive to or respond to chemotherapy, even if the drug does penetrate the blood brain barrier. Actively dividing cells are the most vulnerable to chemotherapy. Most tumour cells and some normal cells fall into that category. In cases where lymphoma has started in the brain (cerebral lymphoma), chemotherapy becomes a possible option. The side effects of chemotherapy can include nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, loss of appetite and loss of hair. Some of the latest methods for treating brain tumours include: Chemotherapy wafers – the wafers contain cancer killing substances which is inserted directly into the area of the brain tumour during surgery. The wafers are effective in reaching out to remote regions of the brain. Immunotherapy is a breakthrough innovation in cancer care where the immune system is strengthened to fight against cancer.
Gastrointestinal Cancer treatment in bangalore | Treatment for gastrointestinal cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage and other general health factors. Common methods of treating gastrointestinal cancer include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The other methods used to determine whether the patient is suffering from GI cancer are: CAT scan: In this procedure a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body are, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an X-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called Computed Tomography, Computerized Tomography or Computerized Axial Tomography. Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope to check for signs of cancer. A biopsy of the stomach is usually done during the endoscopy. Physical exam and history: An examination of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. Blood chemistry studies: This is a procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body. An unusual (higher or lower than normal) amount of a substance can be a sign of disease in the organ or tissue that produces it. Complete Blood Count (CBC): A procedure in which a sample of blood is drawn and checked for the following: The number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The amount of haemoglobin (the protein that carries oxygen) in the red blood cells. The portion of the sample made up of red blood cells.
Cancer specialist in bangalore | Dr Anil kumar M R , Chairman and MD , Oncologist at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre. Dr Anil kumar M R is a Stereotactic Radio surgeon and precision Radiation Oncologist and has worked for various super-speciality hospitals. Dr. Anil Kumar was trained at one of the most prestigious cancer centres of the country – Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology and has over 9 years of experience in the speciality. He has the credit of treating more than 5000 patients and is well versed with different radiation techniques. Area of Expertise: Dr Anil has expertise in precision radiation methods like Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT), TBI, VMAT / Rapid Arc, IGRT, IMRT, 3DCRT and Brachytherapy. He has a special interest in treating solid tumours, Lymphomas & Leukaemia and Paediatric malignancies. Dr. Anil Kumar is available for full time at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre in Nagarbhavi , Bangalore. His aim is to provide affordable and easily accessible oncology services to all patients irrespective of their financial status. As there are no oncology centres in western and south west bangalore, this centre was started to treat all cancer patients. The centre aims to provide good quality low cost surgical, medical oncology and radiotherapy to patients under all insurance, Arogya Karnataka- Pradhana Mantri Yojana (BPL), private insurances, ESI, cash and digital transcations.
Stomach Cancer treatment in bangalore | The stomach is an organ in the upper portion of the esophagus. After food is chewed and swallowed, it enters the throat and chest through the food pipe called the esophagus It is responsible for digesting food and moving the nutrients along the rest of the digestive organs like the small and large intestines. What is stomach cancer? Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer. It develops when abnormal cells divide and multiply at an unusual rate to form a mass of tumor in the lining of the stomach. Stomach cancer usually does not cause early symptoms and develops over many years. On account of this it goes undetected in the early stages. It remains undiagnosed until it spreads to other parts around the stomach or in other distant body parts. Treatment Options For Stomach Cancer Surgery Stomach cancer that has not spread can be removed by surgery where part of the esophagus or stomach is removed where the tumor is located. Lymph nodes that are near the stomach are typically removed as well. Radiation therapy Radiation therapy uses high-powered beams of energy, such as X-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. The energy beams come from a machine that moves around you as you lie on a table. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs travel throughout your body, killing cancer cells that may have spread beyond the stomach. Supportive (palliative) care Palliative care is specialized medical care that focuses on providing relief from pain and other symptoms of a serious illness. Palliative care specialists work with you, your family and your other doctors to provide an extra layer of support that complements your ongoing care. Palliative care can be used while undergoing aggressive treatments, such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Prostate Cancer treatment in bangalore | Prostate Cancer is one of the leading cancers in India. Men aged between 35 to 60 years are more likely to get affected by it. Diagnosis and treatment at early stages can lead to better outcomes. The prostate gland is a small, walnut-shaped gland near the urinary bladder in men which produces seminal fluid, nourishes and transports the sperm. Located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder where the urine is stored, the prostate also surrounds the urethra (the canal through which urine passes out of the body). Those older than 60 years are at a higher risk of this disease and would require treatment at the earliest. Treatment The prostate cancer treatment options depend on several factors, such as: How fast the cancer is growing, The stage of cancer, The overall health, The pros and cons of the treatment.
Testicular Cancer treatment in bangalore | The cells of your testicles, which produce sperms and other male hormones, can grow out of control, causing Testicular Cancer, like any other type. But the condition is rare and mostly affects young men of the 20-35 age group. It can affect both testis and can also spread to surrounding nodes, called the lymph nodes, which drain fluid from them, and other organs. The risk of having the disease increases in persons who have/had undescended testis (AKA cryptorchidism), a condition in which one side of the scrotum remains empty and testis can be found in groin or abdomen, or in people who are immediate relatives of proven testicular cancer patients. Treatment Fortunately testicular cancer patients respond well to both chemotherapy (medicines) and radiation. Treatment modalities are decided based on the stage of the disease and other risk factors. Stage 1: Surgery (orchidectomy) - Followed by surveillance. Chemotherapy - Indicated in certain patients, if the possibility of recurrence of the disease is high due to cryptorchidism and/or family history. Stage 2: Seminoma – Surgery and radiotherapy, or chemotherapy may be required in later stages. Non-seminomas (teratomas) – Surgery (orchidectomy) and chemotherapy may be required. Stage 3: After orchidectomy- Chemotherapy. If seminoma - After chemotherapy, only follow ups are required. If non-seminoma - The patient might need surgurical removal of lymph nodes and lung lesions. Recurrent Tumor – Chemotherapy or High dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant - A stem cell transplant lets doctors use higher doses of chemo. The cells that make blood (called stem cells), are taken out of the blood using a special machine. Then very strong chemo is given, which can lead to side effects like severe reduction in blood counts. So, the stem cells are given back to the person, after chemo, to aid his system. Clinical trials- Clinical trials are research studies that test new drugs or other treatments in people. They compare standard treatments with others that may be better. These mostly have to be given to people in whom the disease has relapsed.
Bone cancer treatment in bangalore | Bone cancer can be distinguished into primary and secondary bone cancer. When cancer spreads within the cells of the bone, it is classified as Primary Bone Cancer. Examples of primary bone cancer include Osteosarcoma, Ewing Sarcoma, Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma and Chondrosarcoma. In cases where cancer which originated from another part of the body, has spread to the bone, it gets classified as Secondary Bone Cancer. Treatment The options on treatment for bone cancer depends on several factors, such as what type of bone cancer it is, where it is located, how aggressive it is, and whether it is localized or spread. There are typically 4 stages of bone cancer which have various treatment options. If the tumour in the bone is of low grade, it is called as Stage 1 Bone Cancer. In case the cancer in the bone is of high-grade, then it is classified as Stage 2 Bone Cancer. A Metastatic bone cancer which has spread to other parts of the bone then it is called Stage 3 Bone Cancer. Advanced cases where it has spread to other parts of body gets classified as called Stage 4 Bone Cancer. Some of the latest bone cancer treatment options that available are: Surgery Radiotherapy (Radiation Therapy) Chemotherapy Surgery – in this form of bone cancer treatment, the aim is to remove the tumour completely along with some of the bone tissue that surrounds it. If some of the cancer is left behind after surgically removing the tumour, it may continue to grow and eventually spread. Limb sparing surgery, also known as limb salvage surgery means that surgical intervention occurs without having to amputate the limb. During the leg or arm treatment, the surgeon may take some bone from another part of the body to replace lost bone (bone graft), or an artificial bone may be put in. In some cases, however, amputation of a limb may be necessary during treatment. Radiation Therapy – it is also known as radiotherapy, radiation oncology and XRT. Approximately 40% of patients of all types of cancer undergo some kind of radiotherapy. It involves the use of beams of high-energy X-rays or radiation particles to destroy cancer cells for a certain duration based on treatment. Radiotherapy works by damaging the DNA inside the tumour cells, destroying their ability to reproduce. This type of treatment is recommended for Metastatic bone cancer treatment. Radiotherapy can be used for different reasons: To suppress the tumour To alleviate bone cancer symptoms Neo-adjuvant radiotherapy (before surgery), a form of radiotherapy to shrink the tumour and allowing it to be removed surgically. Adjuvant radiotherapy to eliminate the cancer cells that remained after the surgery. Combination therapy (radiotherapy combined with another type of therapy) - in some cases, radiation is combined with chemotherapy. Given the benefits of radiation therapy, the patient must be wary of the side effects during the treatment which ranges from Fatigue, Loss of Appetite & changes in the skin area where it treated. Common skin changes include redness, hair loss, blistering & peeling. There are also instances of low blood counts, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. In special cases where the pain aggravates, it would be advisable to talk to your treatment doctor. Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals (medication) to treat disease, specifically for the destruction of cancer cells. During the treatment, cytotoxic medication prevents cancer cells from dividing and growing. In general, chemotherapy has 5 possible goals: Total remission - to treat the cancer Delay/Prevent recurrence – to prevent the recurrence of cancer, especially after surgery. Slow down cancer progression - used mainly when the cancer is in its advanced stages and a positive outcome is unlikely, where it can slow down the rate of growth of cancer. To relieve symptoms – especially for patients with advanced cancer.
Breast Cancer treatment in bangalore | After Skin Cancer, breast cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer among the women, affecting one in eight women who live to the age of 80. The disease forms when breast cells mutate (change) and multiply uncontrollably, forming a tumor. If untreated, cancerous cells may spread to other parts of the body. Women who have a family history of the disease, who are obese or who have dense breasts have a higher risk of the disease. Symptoms include a lump, skin changes, nipple discharge and pain. Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast tissue mutate and divide rapidly. These abnormal cells form a tumour. A tumour can become cancerous when these abnormally growing cells spread to other parts of the breast or other parts of the body. Metastasis refers to the process by which a secondary malignant growth develops at a new site in the body.. Metastasis happens via the bloodstream or the lymphatic system that helps fight infections. It generally begins in the milk-producing glands (lobules), or in the tube-shaped ducts that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. Sometimes, it begins taking shape in the fatty and fibrous connective tissue of the breasts. Both women and men are at risk of developing a tumour in the breast. But it is a hundred times more common in women than in men. It is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in women around the world. But the mortality rates have declined in recent years. Better awareness, regular screening, and advanced treatment options have proved useful. Common treatments for breast cancer include: Surgery For most patients, surgery is part of the treatment process. Our breast surgeons and surgical oncology teams have significant experience in performing surgical procedures for the many types of breast cancer, including inflammatory and invasive diseases. We have the expertise and capabilities to treat advanced breast tumors that involve the chest wall, and we also perform palliative surgeries to eliminate pain and increase patients' comfort level. Chemotherapy This treatment is typically recommended for patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancer. Chemotherapy This treatment is typically recommended for patients with locally advanced or metastatic cancer. Hormone therapy Cancers that test positive for certain hormones may be treated with hormone-blocking therapy to slow or stop the cancer cells from growing or metastasizing. Radiation therapy When a breast tumor is large or not easily removed with surgery, radiation therapy before surgery may be used to help shrink the tumor. After breast-sparing surgery, radiation treatments may help destroy remaining cancer cells. Targeted therapy These medications are designed to shut down the HER2 gene, cutting off the cancer cells’ energy supply.
Skin Cancer Treatment in bangalore | Skin cancers (skin neoplasms) are named after the type of skin cell from which they arise. Basal cell cancer originates from the lowest layer of the epidermis, and is the most common but least dangerous skin cancer. Squamous cell cancer originates from the middle layer, and is less common but more likely to spread, and if left untreated, becomes fatal. Melanoma, which originates in the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes), is the least common but most aggressive, most likely to spread, and if untreated, becomes fatal. While most cases are caused by over-exposure to UV rays from the sun or sunbeds, treatment is generally via surgical removal. Treatment for skin cancer : Treatment is dependent on type of cancer, location of the cancer, age of the patient, and whether the cancer is primary or a recurrence. Treatment is also determined by the specific type of cancer. For a small basal cell cancer in a young person, the treatment with the best cure rate (Mohs surgery or CCPDMA) might be indicated. In case of an elderly frail man with multiple complicating medical problems, a difficult to excise basal cell cancer of the nose might warrant radiation therapy (slightly lower cure rate) or no treatment at all. Topical chemotherapy might be indicated for large superficial basal cell carcinoma for good cosmetic outcome, whereas it might be inadequate for invasive nodular basal cell carcinoma or invasive squamous cell carcinoma. In general, melanoma is poorly responsive to radiation or chemotherapy. For low-risk disease, radiation therapy (external beam radiotherapy), topical chemotherapy (imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil) and cryotherapy (freezing the cancer off) can provide adequate control of the disease; both, however, may have lower overall cure rates than certain type of surgery. Other modalities of treatment such as photodynamic therapy, topical chemotherapy, electrodesiccation and curettage can be found in the discussions of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. In the case of disease that has spread (metastasized), further surgical procedures or chemotherapy may be required. Currently, surgical excision is the most common form of treatment for skin cancers. The goal of reconstructive surgery is restoration of normal appearance and function. The choice of technique in reconstruction is dictated by the size and location of the defect. Excision and reconstruction of facial skin cancers is generally more challenging due to the presence of highly visible and functional anatomical structures in the face. When skin defects are small in size, most can be corrected with simple repair, where skin edges are approximated and closed with sutures. This will result in a linear scar. If the repair is made along a natural skin fold or wrinkle line, the scar will be hardly visible. Larger defects may require repair with a skin graft, local skin flap, pedicled skin flap, or a microvascular free flap. Skin grafts and local skin flaps are, by far, more common than the other listed choices. Skin grafting is patching of a defect with skin that is removed from another site in the body. The skin graft is sutured to the edges of the defect, and a bolster dressing is placed atop the graft for seven to ten days, to immobilise the graft as it heals in place. There are two forms of skin grafting: split thickness and full thickness. In a split thickness skin graft, a shaver is used to shave a layer of skin from the abdomen or thigh. The donor site, regenerates skin and heals over a period of two weeks. In a full thickness skin graft, a segment of skin is totally removed and the donor site needs to be sutured closed. Split thickness grafts can be used to repair larger defects, but the grafts are inferior in their cosmetic appearance. Full thickness skin grafts are more acceptable, cosmetically. However, full thickness grafts can only be used for small or moderate sized defects. Local skin flaps are a method of closing defects with tissue that closely matches the defect in colour and quality. Skin from the periphery of the defect site is mobilised and repositioned to fill the deficit. Various forms of local flaps can be designed to minimise disruption to surrounding tissues and maximise cosmetic outcome of the reconstruction. Pedicled skin flaps are a method of transferring skin with an intact blood supply from a nearby region of the body. An example of such reconstruction is a pedicled forehead flap for repair of a large nasal skin defect. Once the flap develops a source of blood supply form its new bed, the vascular pedicle can be detached.