Oncologist in bangalore | Dr Anil kumar M R , Chairman and MD , Oncologist at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre. Dr Anil kumar M R is a Stereotactic Radio surgeon and precision Radiation Oncologist and has worked for various super-speciality hospitals. Dr. Anil Kumar was trained at one of the most prestigious cancer centres of the country – Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology and has over 9 years of experience in the speciality. He has the credit of treating more than 5000 patients and is well versed with different radiation techniques. Area of Expertise: Dr Anil has expertise in precision radiation methods like Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT), TBI, VMAT / Rapid Arc, IGRT, IMRT, 3DCRT and Brachytherapy. He has a special interest in treating solid tumours, Lymphomas & Leukaemia and Paediatric malignancies. Dr. Anil Kumar is available for full time at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre in Nagarbhavi , Bangalore. His aim is to provide affordable and easily accessible oncology services to all patients irrespective of their financial status. As there are no oncology centres in western and south west bangalore, this centre was started to treat all cancer patients. The centre aims to provide good quality low cost surgical, medical oncology and radiotherapy to patients under all insurance, Arogya Karnataka- Pradhana Mantri Yojana (BPL), private insurances, ESI, cash and digital transcations.
cervical cancer treatment in bangalore.Cancer of the uterine cervix (the lower part of the uterus which extends slightly into the top of the vagina) is one of the most common cancers in women. An early symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding. It has been noticed that most cases develop among women in their 30s or 40s. If cervical cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, it can result in better outcomes. Before engaging with uterine cervical cancer treatment, regular cervical screening tests can help in early detection. What is important is that the patient promptly reports any abnormal vaginal bleeding (bleeding between periods, heavy periods, bleeding after intercourse) or vaginal discharge promptly to a doctor which will help ascertain the treatment of cervical cancer. Even in cases of post cervical cancer treatment, patients are advised to consult their respective doctors to check for any recurrence and early prevention during diagnosis. TYPES OF CERVICAL CANCER There are two main types of cervical cancer: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cervical cancer. This develops when a skin-like cell (a squamous cell) that covers the cervix, becomes cancerous Adenocarcinoma cervical cancer is less common. This is part of the glandular cervical cancer where cells develop (a cell that makes mucus) within the cervical canal thereby becoming cancerous. Symptoms A woman may have no symptoms when the cervical tumour is small. As the tumour becomes large, the first symptom to be seen is abnormal vaginal bleeding, which can be: Bleeding between normal periods (intermenstrual bleeding) Bleeding after having sex (post-coital bleeding) Any vaginal bleeding in women past menopause An early symptom of cervical cancer in some cases is a vaginal discharge that smells unpleasant, or discomfort or pain during sex. If the cancer has spread, the symptoms may vary basis which the doctor may ask for specific tests. All of the above symptoms can be caused by various other common conditions. If a woman develops any of these symptoms, she should have it followed-up by a doctor to determine the possibility of cervical cancer treatment. Causes A cervical tumour starts from one abnormal cell and then goes to other cells. This abnormal cell growth (dysplasa) occurs on the surface lining of the cervix or the endocervical canal commonly known as the opening between the uterus and the vagina. In cases where severe dysplasa is observed then it is called as CIN 3. The initial 'pre-cancerous' abnormality of cervical cells is usually caused by a prior infection with the Human Papilloma Virus. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and Cervical Cancer From the multiple types of HPV, two types - HPV 16 and 18 - are involved in the development of most cases of cervical cancer. Other strains cause genital warts The types of HPV associated with cervical cancer are usually passed on by having sexual intercourse with an infected person An infection may be devoid of symptoms, so it is impossible to tell if the woman herself or the person with whom she has sexual intercourse are infected with one of these strains of HPV Within two years, 9 out of 10 infections with HPV will clear completely from the body. This means that most women who are infected with these strains of HPV do not develop cancer The HPV vaccine has been introduced for girls from the age of 11 Studies have shown that the HPV vaccine is very effective at stopping the development of the cancer of cervix and it works better when administered at a younger age However, even if a woman has had the HPV vaccine, she must regularly undergo cervical screening Other factors that increase the risk of developing cervical cancer are: Smoking: Smokers are more likely than non-smokers to develop certain cancers, including cervical cancer. If you smoke and have HPV infection, the risk is compounded. It would be advisable to avoid smoking as a mode of prevention of cervical cancer. A poor immune system: People with AIDS or people taking immunosuppressant medication have an increased risk Oral contraceptive pill: A possible link between the oral contraceptive pill and an increased risk of cervical cancer (if the pill is taken for more than five years) has been mooted. However, the risk of cervical cancer has been found to decline over time after women stop using oral contraceptives Diagnosis To confirm the diagnosis, the specialist will usually do a vaginal examination if a woman has symptoms which may indicate cervical cancer. If the doctor may feel an abnormal cervix during examination, a colposcopy (a more detailed examination of the cervix) is advised. For this test a speculum is gently put into the vagina so the cervix can be seen in detail using a magnifier (Colposcope). During a colposcopy a small piece of tissue from the cervix is taken for a biopsy. This process is vital for the diagnosis of cervical cancer detection and treatment. To assess and confirm the extent to which the cancer may have spread the specialist may advise for a few screening tests like: CT Scan MRI Scan Chest X-ray Ultrasound Scan Blood tests This assessment is called 'staging' of the cancer. The aim of understanding cervical cancer treatment by stage is to find out: The extent to which the tumour has grown, and if it has grown to other nearby structures such as the bladder or rectum Whether the cancer has spread to local lymph glands (nodes) Finding out the stage of the cancer helps the specialist to advice on treatment options, and gives a reasonable indication of outlook Treatment Treatment options for cervical cancer which may be considered to include different types including gynaecological oncology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, or a combination of these treatments which is best determined by the specialist. In terms of modalities, the treatment advised for each case depends on factors including the stage of the cancer and the general health of the patient. GYNECOLOGICAL ONCOLOGY FOR CERVICAL CANCER: As part of the cervical cancer operation treatment, a surgery is conducted to remove the cervix and uterus (radical hysterectomy) which is a common course of action. In some cases where the cancer is at a very early stage(requiring treatment), it may be possible to perform removal of the cervix affected by the cancer without removing the entire uterus, for fertility preservation which keeps the pregnancy option open for the patient. Cervical Cancer Treatment becomes ineffective when patients opt out of hysterectomy, which is the recommended treatment option. Post the hysterectomy cancer treatment, in case the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, surgery may still be advised, often in addition to other treatments. Even if the cancer is advanced, some surgical techniques may be used to ease symptoms. MEDICAL ONCOLOGY FOR CERVICAL CANCER: Chemotherapy is a cervical cancer treatment using anti-cancer drugs which kill cancer cells, or stop them from multiplying. Chemotherapy may be given in addition to radiotherapy or surgery in certain situations. Nowadays concomitant chemo-radiotherapy is the preferred method of treatment for cervical cancer. RADIATION ONCOLOGY FOR CERVICAL CANCER: Radiation Oncology is a treatment which uses high energy beams of radiation focused on cancerous tissue, killing the cancer cells or stopping them from multiplying. Radiotherapy alone can be curative for early stage cervical cancer treatment and may be an alternative to surgery which involves laser surgery. For more advanced cancers, radiotherapy may be advised in addition to other treatments. Two types of radiotherapy are used for cervical cancer, external and internal. In many cases both types are used: External Radiotherapy - This is where radiation is targeted on the cancer from a machine. (This is a common type of radiotherapy used for many types of cancer) Internal radiotherapy - This treatment involves placing a small radioactive implant next to the cancerous tumour for a short time and then it is removed in other words it is called brachytherapy. Even if the cancer is advanced and a cure is not possible, radiotherapy may still have a place to ease symptoms Radiotherapy has been a convenient option for outpatient treatment especially for patients who would not like to get into the complexity of hospital admission.
A cancer that forms in the tissues of the vagina is known as Vaginal Cancer. The vagina is the muscular tube that connects your uterus with your outer genitals. The cancer occurs more often in women over fifty. There are possibilities where it can occur even during infancy for women. In order to effectively treat the cancer, a combination of surgery, radiation and chemotherapy is performed. The various types of vaginal cancer are: Squamous cell carcinoma: A type where cancer forms in the thin, flat cells lining the inside of the vagina. The rate of growth is slow and the cancer typically stays near the vagina. It may also spread to the lungs, liver or bone. This is the most common type of vaginal cancer. Adenocarcinoma: It is the cancer which begins in the glandular cells. The glandular cells located in the lining of the vagina, is responsible for the production of the mucus. Adenocarcinoma is more likely to spread to the lungs and lymph nodes. Vaginal melanoma: It develops in the pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) of your vagina Vaginal sarcoma: It develops in the connective tissue cells or muscles cells in the walls of your vagina Symptoms Vaginal cancer often does not cause early symptoms and may be found during a routine Pap test (a type of test where the cervix is checked to see for any abnormality in the cells). Otherwise, some of the symptoms include: Unusual bleeding or discharge not related to menstrual periods Watery vaginal discharge Painful urination Frequent urination Constipation Pain during sexual intercourse Pain in the pelvic area A lump in the vagina Causes The various causes of vaginal cancer are: Age- Patient generally above the age of 60 are at a higher risk of getting the cancer Exposure to the drug DES (diethylstilbestrol) before birth- The DES is a synthetic form of the oestrogen hormone. It was prescribed to pregnant women to prevent miscarriage, premature labour and related complications arising during pregnancy. Women who were exposed to DES before birth have an increased risk of developing vaginal cancer. Some of these women develop a rare form of cancer called clear cell adenocarcinoma There has been a link to Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection and vaginal cancer A history of abnormal cells in the cervix or cervical cancer Diagnosis Tests that examine the vagina and other organs in the pelvis are used to detect and diagnose vaginal cancer. The following tests and procedures may be used: Physical exam and history: A thorough examination is done to check general signs of health including lumps or any abnormality. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments is also taken into analysis. Pelvic exam: An examination of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and rectum is performed. The doctor inserts her finger (gloved and lubricated) into the vagina and places the other hand over the lower abdomen to feel the size, shape, and position of the uterus and ovaries. A speculum is also inserted into the vagina and the doctor looks at the vagina and cervix for signs of disease. A Pap test or Pap smear of the cervix is also done to check for any abnormalities. The finger may also be inserted into the rectum to feel for lumps or abnormal areas. Pap smear: A procedure to collect cells from the surface of the cervix and vagina. A piece of cotton, a brush, or a small wooden stick is used to gently scrape cells from the cervix and vagina. The cells are viewed under a microscope to find out if they are abnormal. This procedure is also called a Pap test. Biopsy: This process involves the removal of cells or tissues from the vagina and cervix in order to view it under a microscope and detect signs of cancer. Colposcopy: A procedure in which a colposcope (a lighted, magnifying instrument) is used to check the vagina and cervix for abnormal areas. Tissue samples may be taken using a curette (spoon-shaped instrument) and checked under a microscope for signs of disease. Through the diagnosis, the doctor is able to the extent of the cancer and is able to assign a stage. The various stages of vaginal cancer are: Stage I: Cancer is limited to the vaginal wall Stage II: Cancer has spread to tissue next to your vagina Stage III: Cancer has spread further into the pelvis Stage IVA: Cancer has spread to nearby areas, such as your bladder or rectum Stage IVB: Cancer has spread to areas away from your vagina, such as your liver Treatment Different types of treatments are available for patients with vaginal cancer. Treatment varies based on the stage of the cancer. The various types of treatment include: Surgery Surgery is the most common treatment of vaginal cancer. The following surgical procedures may be used: Laser surgery: A surgical procedure that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) as a knife to make bloodless cuts in tissue or to remove a surface lesion such as a tumour. Wide local excision: A surgical procedure that takes out the cancer and some of the healthy tissue around it. Vaginectomy: Surgery to remove all or part of the vagina. Total hysterectomy: Surgery to remove the uterus and the cervix. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through the vagina, the operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a large incision (cut) in the abdomen, the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are taken out through a small incision in the abdomen using a laparoscope, the operation is called a total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Lymphadenectomy: A surgical procedure in which lymph nodes are removed and checked under a microscope for signs of cancer. This procedure is also called lymph node dissection. If the cancer is in the upper vagina, the pelvic lymph nodes may be removed. If the cancer is in the lower vagina, lymph nodes in the groin may be removed. Pelvic exenteration: Surgery to remove the lower colon, rectum and bladder. In women, the cervix, vagina, ovaries and nearby lymph nodes are also removed. Artificial openings (stoma) are made for urine and stool to flow from the body into a collection bag. Even if the doctor removes all the cancer that can be seen at the time of the surgery, some patients may be given radiation therapy after surgery. This is to kill any cancer cells that are left. Treatment given after the surgery, to increase the chances of a cure, is called adjuvant therapy. Radiation therapy Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can affect cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the spinal column, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way the chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.
Oral cancer treatment in bangalore | Mouth cancer, otherwise known as oral cancer is considered to be a subtype of head and neck cancer. Oral cancer is any cancerous tissue growth that occurs in the oral cavity. It may arise as a primary lesion originating in any of the tissues in the oral cavity. There are several types of oral cancers, but around 90% are squamous cell carcinomas, originating in the tissues that line the mouth and lips. Oral or mouth cancer most commonly involves the tongue. It may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gums, lips or palate (roof of the mouth). CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF MOUTH CANCER There are certain factors that may increase the chances of an individual contracting mouth cancer. They can be considered to be either causes or risk factors or both. Some of them are: Smoking and Drinking: Smoking and drinking contain substances that are carcinogenic in nature, which means they contain chemicals that can damage the DNA in cell, leading them to become cancerous eventually. The risk of mouth cancer increases significantly in somebody who is both a heavy smoker and heavy drinker. Somebody who smokes 40 cigarettes per day and consumes an average of 30 pints of beer a week is 38 times more likely to develop oral cancer compared to other people. Betel nuts: Betel nuts are mildly addictive seeds taken from the betel palm tree. They have a stimulant effect similar to coffee. Betel nuts also have a carcinogenic effect, which can increase the risk of mouth cancer. This risk is made worse as many people enjoy chewing betel nuts along with tobacco. Due to the tradition of using betel nuts, rates of mouth cancer are much higher in ethnic Indian and Sri Lankan communities than in the population at large. Smokeless tobacco: Smokeless tobacco is a general term used to refer to a range of products, such as: chewing tobacco snuff – powdered tobacco designed to be snorted Smokeless tobacco products are not harmless, as many people mistakenly assume, and many increase your risk of developing mouth cancer, as well as other cancers, such as liver cancer, pancreatic cancer and oesophageal cancer. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV): It is the name of a family of viruses that affect the skin and moist membranes that line your body, such as those in your cervix, anus, mouth and throat. You can contract a HPV infection by having sexual contact with a person already infected – you do not have to have sex; just close skin-to-skin contact. Infection with some types of HPV can cause abnormal tissue growth and other changes to the cells, which can lead to the development of cervical cancer. There is evidence that some types of HPV infection could also cause abnormal tissue growth inside the mouth, triggering some cases of mouth cancer. Diet: There is evidence that a diet high in red meat, processed food and fried food can increase your risk of developing mouth cancer. Poor oral hygiene: There is evidence that poor oral hygiene, such as having tooth decay, gum disease, not brushing your teeth regularly and having ill-fitted dentures (false teeth) can increase your risk of mouth cancer. GERD (gastro-oesophageal reflux disease): People with this digestive condition where acid from the stomach leaks back up through the gullet (oesophagus) have a higher risk of oral cancer. Exposure to certain minerals and chemicals – especially asbestos, sulphuric acid and formaldehyde increase the risk of mouth cancer.
Best cancer hospital in bangalore | Oncoville Cancer Hospital And Research Center is a top player in the category Cancer Hospitals in the Bangalore. This well-known establishment acts as a one-stop destination servicing customers both local and from other parts of Bangalore. OncoVille Cancer Hospital is located at Nagarbhavi main road, about 100 meters from Nagarbhavi BDA Complex. It is easily accessible via bus from Majestic, K R Market, Nelamangala, Kengeri,Yashwanth Pura and Magadi. It is about 1.5Km from Nayandanahalli Metro Station. The access to oncology healthcare is mainly concentrated in major cities and the cost of infrastructure is very high. It becomes impossible for patient to afford any kind of treatment especially in India where the treatment is done mainly in government centres where there is long waiting periods or in private centres where its not affordable to take any form of treatment due to cost issues. The idea and vision to start OncoVille was by the Founder and MD Dr. Anil Kumar MR. Dr Anil Kumar M R Is A Stereotactic Radio Surgeon And Precision Radiation Oncologist And Has Worked For Various Super-Speciality Hospitals. Dr. Anil Kumar Was Trained At One Of The Most Prestigious Cancer Centres Of The Country – Kidwai Memorial Institute Of Oncology And Has Over 9 Years Of Experience In The Speciality. He Has The Credit Of Treating More Than 5000 Patients And Is Well Versed With Different Radiation Techniques. Area Of Expertise: Dr Anil Has Expertise In Precision Radiation Methods Like Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT), TBI, VMAT / Rapid Arc, IGRT, IMRT, 3DCRT And Brachytherapy. He Has A Special Interest In Treating Solid Tumours, Lymphomas & Leukaemia And Paediatric Malignancies. Dr. Anil Kumar Is Available For Full Time At OncoVille Cancer Hospital And Research Centre In Nagarbhavi , Bangalore. His Aim Is To Provide Affordable And Easily Accessible Oncology Services To All Patients Irrespective Of Their Financial Status. As There Are No Oncology Centres In Western And South West Bangalore, This Centre Was Started To Treat All Cancer Patients. The Centre Aims To Provide Good Quality Low Cost Surgical, Medical Oncology And Radiotherapy To Patients Under All Insurance, Arogya Karnataka- Pradhana Mantri Yojana (BPL), Private Insurances, ESI, Cash And Digital Transcations.
Radiation Oncologist in bangalore. Dr Anil kumar M R , Chairman and MD , Oncologist at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre. Dr Anil kumar M R is a Stereotactic Radio surgeon and precision Radiation Oncologist and has worked for various super-speciality hospitals. Dr. Anil Kumar was trained at one of the most prestigious cancer centres of the country – Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology and has over 9 years of experience in the speciality. He has the credit of treating more than 5000 patients and is well versed with different radiation techniques. Area of Expertise: Dr Anil has expertise in precision radiation methods like Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT), TBI, VMAT / Rapid Arc, IGRT, IMRT, 3DCRT and Brachytherapy. He has a special interest in treating solid tumours, Lymphomas & Leukaemia and Paediatric malignancies. Dr. Anil Kumar is available for full time at OncoVille Cancer Hospital and Research Centre in Nagarbhavi , Bangalore. His aim is to provide affordable and easily accessible oncology services to all patients irrespective of their financial status. As there are no oncology centres in western and south west bangalore, this centre was started to treat all cancer patients. The centre aims to provide good quality low cost surgical, medical oncology and radiotherapy to patients under all insurance, Arogya Karnataka- Pradhana Mantri Yojana (BPL), private insurances, ESI, cash and digital transcations.
Colorectal cancer treatment in bangalore | Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. These cancers can also be named colon cancer or rectal cancer, depending on where they start. Colon cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because they have many features in common. Cancer starts when cells in the body start to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body. Doctors have concluded that the increasing consumption of fast food, which is low in fibre, may be a key contributing factor. In India, colon and rectal cancers are seen in relatively young patients, as compared to the western population. Treatment The main types of treatment for colorectal cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Depending on the cancer stage, these treatments may be combined for a better outcome. Surgery is the most effective treatment for localised colorectal tumours. Very small tumours can be removed through a colonoscope, but even with small tumours, removing the portion of the colon containing the tumour, the surrounding fat, and nearby lymph nodes is often the best treatment. Surgery may be performed either laparoscopically or by the open method, which uses larger incisions. Usually, the healthy sections of the colon and rectum gets reconnected. In cases where this is not possible, an opening is formed, known as a stoma, in the abdomen and the severed colon is rerouted to it. Waste matter is collected in a bag worn over the stoma. This is known as a colostomy and is often only temporary. Once the bowel has had time to heal, a second operation is done to reconnect the colon and rectum. The need for permanent colostomy is more common with rectal cancer, since retaining the rectum may be difficult. Radiation therapy is treatment with high-energy rays that destroy the cancer cells. For rectal cancer, radiation is usually given after surgery, along with chemotherapy (known as adjuvant therapy) to destroy any cancer cells left behind. It can also be used along with chemotherapy before surgery (known as neoadjuvant therapy) in order to shrink the size of the tumour, making the surgery easier. In advanced rectal cancer, radiation can be used to shrink tumours that cause symptoms of bowel obstruction, bleeding, or pain. Chemotherapy is used to treat various stages of colorectal cancer, especially the advanced stages where metastasis has happened. If the cancer has metastasized to the liver chemotherapy can also be directly administered there. Targeted therapy works in a completely different way in treating colorectal cancer. Through this treatment, the aim is to block the cancer’s blood supply or block a protein or genetic change made by the cancer to enhance it growth. This form of treatment is effective especially after metastasis Immunotherapy involves drugs that stimulate the body’s own immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells.
Thyroid cancer treatment in bangalore | There are multiple ways to treat thyroid cancer. The treatment you get will depend on the type and stage of the cancer. It also depends on the age and general health of the patient. The doctor may recommend surgery, radioactive iodine and/or radiotherapy. In most cases, especially during the early stage of the cancer, treatment is effective with a favourable outcome Surgery: If thyroid cancer is detected at an early stage, then the doctors recommend one of the following surgical procedures: Thyroidectomy: The surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland. During this operation, the surgeon may also remove the lymph nodes in the neck and the some of the tissue around the thyroid gland. Lobectomy (hemithyroidectomy): The surgical removal of a lobe (one of the wings of the thyroid gland). Tracheostomy: Making an incision in the front of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe), allowing the patient to breathe. After surgery the patient may experience pain when swallowing and will be on a special diet of soft foods. Thyroid Hormone Therapy: If the thyroid gland is completely or partially removed, the patient will need to take replacement hormone tablets for the rest of his/her life. The patient will need regular blood tests to make sure hormone levels are right. Radioactive Iodine Ablation: The thyroid gland and most thyroid cancers absorb iodine. Radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation is used to destroy any thyroid tissue that’s left after a thyroidectomy. The iodine goes to the thyroid tissue and the radiation destroys it. It may also be used for cancer that spreads to nearby lymph nodes, spreads to other parts of the body, or returns. The level of radiation in this treatment is far higher than what is used in a radioiodine scan. The patient usually has a special diet that is low in iodine for 1 or 2 weeks before you get the treatment. If the patient is on thyroid hormone pills, they are usually stopped during this treatment. External Radiation Therapy: Radiotherapy is usually only used for medullary or anaplastic thyroid cancers. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy, typically, refers to the destruction of cancer cells. It is usually only used to treat anaplastic thyroid cancer that has metastasized. However, chemotherapy may also include the use of antibiotics or other medications to treat any illness or infection.
Brain Tumour treatment in bangalore | A Brain Tumour is defined as an abnormal growth of brain cells (neural or connective cells) which can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). The suspicion of a brain tumour may arise from headaches, abnormal behaviour or a variety of other symptoms. The symptoms require an investigation with a series of tests. Treatment Brain tumours are typically treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Sometime a combination of all three options is exercised as part of the standard procedure. Surgery is the primary treatment for brain tumours that can be removed without causing severe damage. Many benign tumours are treated only by surgery but most malignant tumours require treatment along with surgery, such as radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy. The goals of surgical treatment for brain tumours are multiple and may include one or more of the following: Remove all or as much of the tumour as possible Reduce symptoms and improve quality of life by relieving intracranial pressure caused by the tumour Provide access for implantation of internal chemotherapy or radiation A stereotactic or navigation guided biopsy is used to access the tumour in deep seated areas where surgery is hazardous. This technique utilises a computer and a three-dimensional scan to direct the placement of the needle. Radiation Therapy (RT) may be used alone or in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy while treating primary or metastatic brain tumours. External Beam RT is the conventional technique for administering radiation therapy for brain tumours. Another treatment method includes using the CyberKnife System which involves a frameless robotic radiosurgery system for treating benign tumours, malignant tumours and other medical conditions. The Cyber Knife system is a method of delivering radiotherapy with the intention of targeting treatment more accurately than standard radiotherapy. This system improves on other radiosurgery techniques by eliminating the need for stereotactic frames. As a result, this methodology enables doctors to achieve a high level of accuracy in a non-invasive manner and allows patients to be treated on an outpatient basis. The Cyber Knife system can pinpoint a tumours’ exact location in real time using X-ray images to capture the unique bony structures of a patient's head. It has a strong record of proven clinical effectiveness. It is used either on a stand-alone basis or in combination with chemotherapy, surgery or whole brain radiation therapy. Treating brain tumours with chemotherapy is more complicated than treating tumours elsewhere in the body because of a natural defence system called the blood-brain barrier that protects the brain from foreign substances. Furthermore, not all brain tumours are sensitive to or respond to chemotherapy, even if the drug does penetrate the blood brain barrier. Actively dividing cells are the most vulnerable to chemotherapy. Most tumour cells and some normal cells fall into that category. In cases where lymphoma has started in the brain (cerebral lymphoma), chemotherapy becomes a possible option. The side effects of chemotherapy can include nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, loss of appetite and loss of hair. Some of the latest methods for treating brain tumours include: Chemotherapy wafers – the wafers contain cancer killing substances which is inserted directly into the area of the brain tumour during surgery. The wafers are effective in reaching out to remote regions of the brain. Immunotherapy is a breakthrough innovation in cancer care where the immune system is strengthened to fight against cancer.
Gastrointestinal Cancer treatment in bangalore | Treatment for gastrointestinal cancer depends on the type of cancer, stage and other general health factors. Common methods of treating gastrointestinal cancer include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The other methods used to determine whether the patient is suffering from GI cancer are: CAT scan: In this procedure a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body are, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an X-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called Computed Tomography, Computerized Tomography or Computerized Axial Tomography. Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope to check for signs of cancer. A biopsy of the stomach is usually done during the endoscopy. Physical exam and history: An examination of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken. Blood chemistry studies: This is a procedure in which a blood sample is checked to measure the amounts of certain substances released into the blood by organs and tissues in the body. An unusual (higher or lower than normal) amount of a substance can be a sign of disease in the organ or tissue that produces it. Complete Blood Count (CBC): A procedure in which a sample of blood is drawn and checked for the following: The number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The amount of haemoglobin (the protein that carries oxygen) in the red blood cells. The portion of the sample made up of red blood cells.