Adrenal Tumor

Adrenal tumor surgery (adrenalectomy) can be performed by conventional open method or by laparoscopy. Laparoscopic or Laproscopic cancer surgery has several advantages over conventional open surgery with same cure rate. Only surgery is curative in most of the cancers. Additional therapies (chemotherapy & radiotherapy) are mostly supportive. But, many patients and their relatives try to avoid surgery for the fear of the immense trauma for their loved ones, resulting in patient getting wrong or less effective treatment. With laparoscopy the trauma is much less and makes the treatment more acceptable. Our Team at OncoVille Cancer Hospital precisely addresses all these issues and works relentlessly for a better life.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS of tumors of adrenal gland

Tumors of adrenal gland can arise from either cortex (outer portion) and medulla (the inner portion). These can be malignant (cancer) or benign. Benign tumors do not spread, whereas malignant ones spread. Both benign and malignant tumors can functional (tumors secreting hormones in abnormally high quantity) or non-functional tumors. Treatment depends on a combination of these factors.

Adrenal tumors are linked some hereditary syndromes like Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 and many others. These family members should be examined and evaluated by their doctor every year in order to start timely treatment.

Patients may not have any symptoms if the tumor is non-functional. Depending on the type of tumor and what hormone it secretes, a patient may have one or more of the following symptoms:

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart palpitations
  • Nervousness, feelings of anxiety or panic attacks
  • Headache
  • Low potassium level
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Diabetes
  • Unexplained weight gain or weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Obesity
  • Excessive hair growth
  • Unusual acne
  • Change in libido (sex drive)


All functional tumors (secreting hormones) need to be removed by surgery. Only this can cure the symptoms caused by the secretion of hormones.

Tumors larger than 4 cm need to be removed by surgery whether it is functional or not. This is because tumors of this size have a higher risk of being cancer. Tumors smaller than 4 cm can be followed up with regular scans to see the change in size.

This surgery (adrenalectomy) can be performed by conventional open method or by laparoscopy. The Laparoscopic Surgery has many advantages over open surgery.

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